Nature

The outstanding natural beauty and rich biodiversity are typical for areas of Gomk, Martiros and Zaritap villages of Vayots Dzor province of Armenia. There are numerous natural monuments, including Kamaradzor (The Arch Canyon) and Tchaqats kar (The Crannied Stone). A beautiful mountain lake is located on North from 6-8 km the Gomk. The river Arpa flows along the northern border of the Zaritap village and the river Pshonk flows through the village, which get four little brooks. The territory of the Martiros village is rich with cold springs.

The area is part of an ecological corridor for Caucasian leopard (Panthera pardus), bezoar goat (Capra aegagrus), the Armenian mouflon (Ovis orientalis) which are included in the RA Red Book and the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, as well as habitat for other plant and animal species.

Here you can also meet European rabbit  (Oryctolagus cuniculus), Red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Chukar (Alectoris chukar), Brown Bear (Ursus arctos), Yellow-throated Marten (Martes flavigula), Western European Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), Gray Wolf (Canis lupus), Wild Boar (Sus scrofa), Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Lebetine viper (Macrovipera lebetina ), House Sparrow (Passer domesticus), Common Cuckoo (Cuculus canorus), Middle Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius), Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) and etc.

Over 50 species of herbs and shrubs are growing on the mountains, which people have used in traditional medicine for a long time. Among them Common Horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.), Ribwort Plantain (Plantago lanceolata), Thymus (Thymus kotschyanus), Corn Mint (Mentha arvensis),  Small Nettle (Urtica urens L.), Wild Marjoram (Oregano) (Origanum vulgare), Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris), Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca), Perforate St John’s-wort (Hypericum perforatum), Chicory (Cichorium intybus), Yarrow (Achillea biebersteinii), Turnip-rooted chervil (Chaerophyllum bulbosum), Oriental Hawthorn (Crataegus orientalis), Everlasting  (Helichrysum undulatum) and etc.

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